Cut out fruited canes of summer raspberries and
tie in new canes to fruit next year. Select strong, healthy canes
and cut out weak, forked or misplaced ones (such as those growing
out into the paths).
Complete summer pruning of
restricted fruit trees such as cordon and espalier apples and
On warm sites you can still sow quick
maturing salad crops such as summer lettuce, radish,
rocket, sorrel, chicory and fennel.
Finish harvesting second early
potatoes, especially if it turns wet, as slugs will become
Lift onions, shallots and garlic when ready.
Plants should be harvested when the necks start to turn brown and
papery, and bend over naturally. Once harvested, let the tops dry
until they rustle like brown paper, and then remove
Don't neglect hanging baskets or
containers - deadheading, watering and feeding will help
them last through until autumn.
Hardy geraniums can be cut back a
little to remove tired leaves and encourage a new flush of
Prune climbing and rambling roses
that do not repeat flower or produce attractive hips, once the
flowers have finished.
Prune Wisteria and shrubs such as
Pyracantha after flowering.
Give hedges a final trim over now.
They will only grow a little before cold weather stops growth.
Take cuttings of tender perennials
such as Pelargonium and Osteospermum, as soon as possible.
Collect and store seed of hardy
annuals and perennials for sowing later in the autumn. Allow some
plants to self-seed to give an element of surprise to the
Semi-ripe cuttings can still be
taken to propagate many common garden shrubs (e.g. box,
Ventilate conservatories to their maximum to
prevent soaring temperatures and damp down greenhouses on hot days
to maintain humidity levels.
Mow lightly and frequently so that
short grass clippings can remain on the lawn during hot summers to
act as moisture-retentive mulch.
Avoid using lawn weed killers in late
summer - they will be more effective in the cooler, damper
Start preparing areas that are to
be turfed or sown in the autumn. Eradicate weeds, dig over,
level, firm and rake to a tilth. Leave a few weeks to allow
weeds to re-emerge. Eradicate weeds and rake to a fine
Summer flowering meadows can be
cut at the end of the month and all clipplings
Continue to remove blanket weed and
duckweed using a net or rake. Pile the weed by the side of
the pond for 24 hours to allow pond life to crawl back into the
water and then put on the compost heap.
Allow seed heads to develop on
some plants as a source of food
Top up bird feeders and put out food on the
ground and bird tables. Keep the bird bath topped up
Regularly clean the bird bath, table and
You may see young hedgehogs
foraging for food at night. Don't feed hedgehogs with bread and
milk, as this is unhealthy for them. Good quality cat and dog food,
or raw minced meat mixed with egg, are suitable alternatives.
Clean up patios and hard surfaces
to get rid of moss and algae. Doing this job now will prevent them
becoming slippery during the winter.
Back to the
Gardens in August
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