This month's gardening jobs
Prepare the ground for any new
planting. Make sure new areas are free of perennial
weeds even if that means waiting
until next year to plant.
Order new trees and shrubs (including
fruit) prior to the start of
the planting season in November.
Empty out leaf mould bins and spread on borders as
a mulch ready for this year's leaves.
Keep lawns, paths, driveways and low growing plants clear
of leaves. Anywhere else,
leaves can be left if you wish. Net ponds before leaves start
falling. Remember to leave some gaps around the edges for frogs and
other wildlife to get in and out.
Don't forget to clean out bird baths,
nest boxes (birds use them to roost in over the winter) and of
course, bird feeders.
Put the grass box back on and
mow lawns less frequently. Raise the height of cut as the
growth rate of the grass slows down. Aimed to removed no more
then a third of the height of the grass on any one
Begin scarifying, aerating and
top dressing. If you have a big lawn, hire a machine
or else do a section this year and another next year.
Now is also a good
time to lay new turf or sow grass seed.
Plant new herbaceous
perennials, and divide any overgrown or tired looking clumps of
perennials. Don't cut back perennials unless they are
really messy and offend you! Stems and seed heads provide
winter interest and are important for wildlife.
Collect and sow seed
from trees and hardy annuals.
Plant spring flowering
bulbs (you can leave tulips until next month).
Clean out cold frames and
greenhouses and remember to clean the glass! Check
heaters are working and start bubble wrapping.
Move tender plants
into the greenhouse or conservatory. Check them for pests and
disease as you do so.
Start to reduce the frequency
of houseplant watering. Growth is slowing down so
they don't need as much water.
Keep harvesting fruit
and vegetables as they appear. Don't store any damaged fruit
Cut back fruited
summer raspberry canes to the base and new canes tied
Remove all foliage and
unwanted runners, once strawberries are
Plant out garlic
and winter onions (and spring cabbages if you haven't done so
As vegetable beds are cleared,
give them a final weed, then cover with a thick layer of
mulch for the winter, sow a green manure or cover them with a weed